Plants and Wood

TOXIC PLANTS

Plant Toxic part(s)
Avocado Pit, leaves, unripe fruit, stems
Black locust Bark, leaves, seeds
Blue-green algae All parts
Calla lily All parts
Castor bean All parts
Christmas cherry All parts including tubers and unripened fruit
Coffee beans, Tea, Chocolate Beans Leaves (tea), all chocolates especially dark
Diffenbachia All parts
Eggplant Stem, leaves, sprouts (ripe fruits are OK)
Elephant’s ear All parts
Ergot All parts
Foxglove Entire plant, including water from pot or vase
Jerusalem cherry All parts
Jimsonweed All parts, especially seeds and leaves
Lily of the valley All parts
Locoweed (Astragalus emoryanus) Leaves
Milkweed All parts and latex (milky juice)
Mistletoe All parts, especially holly berries
Nightshade All parts
Oak All parts
Oleander All parts
Philodendron All parts, including roots
Poinsettia Leaves, stem, white sap
Pokeweed Roots, leaves, berries
Potatoes Stem, leaves, sprouts, green skins
Rhododendron All parts
Tobacco All parts
Tomatoes Stem, leaves, sprouts (ripe fruits are OK)
Virginia creeper Berries, leaves
Yew Wood, bark, seeds, leaves

SAFE PLANTS

Indoor/House Plants Outdoor Plants
African violet American bittersweet
Aloe Autumn olive
Areca palm Bamboo
Australian laurel Barberry
Bamboo palm Bayberry
Begonias American or European Beech
Bird’s nest fern Bladdernut
Boston fern Blueberry
Bottle brush fern Comfrey
Canary Island palm Coralberry
Christmas cactus Cotoneaster firethorn
Coffee tree Crabapple
Corn plant Dogwood
Creeping fig Common, European or Red Elderberry
Danish ivy Balsam, Douglas, Subalpine or White Fir
Devil’s ivy Grape vine
Dragon tree Huckleberry
European fan palm Marigold
Fiddle leaf fig Nasturtium
Fig tree Ponderosa, Spruce, Virginia, or White Pine
Flame nettle Pyracantha
Hawaiian scheffler Raspberry
Indian laurel Rose
Jade plant Snowberry
Kangaroo vine Black, Norway, Red, or White Spruce
Lace fern Viburnum
Lady palm Wax plant
Maidenhair fern White poplar
Ming fern Willow
Mother fern  
Mother-in-law’s tongue  
Norfolk pine  
Paradise palm  
Parlor palm  
Pepperomia  
Prayer plant  
Purple passion  
Rubber tree  
Spider plant  
Umbrella tree  
Wandering Jew  

SAFE WOOD FOR PERCHES AND TOYS

Never use wood that has been sprayed with pesticides, insecticides, herbicides or fungicides, even if bark was removed. Pesticides can penetrate into wood through the bark. Pressure treated wood is toxic to birds too. Do not pick wood from trees along a highway or railroad since they are likely to have been treated with herbicides. Even non-toxic trees can be infected by fungi or bacteria that produce toxins.

•Before installing them in any cage, scrub all branches with a non-toxic disinfectant, such as hydrogen peroxide, GSE or apple cider vinegar. Then rinse and dry well.

•The best way to kill little unwanted critters in the wood is to bake the perches in the oven on 250F for an hour or so. This should kill any fungi, bugs, eggs, etc. that could be in or on the wood.

ACACIA, APPLE, AILANTHUS, ALMOND, ARALIA, ASH, ASPEN, BAMBOO, BARBERRY (BERBERIS), BIRCH, BEECH (FEGUS), BOIS D’ARC, BOTTLE BRUSH, BUTTERFLY BUSH, CAMELLIA, CITRUS (LIME, KUMQUAT, GRAPEFRUIT, ORANGE, LEMON), CORN PLANTS. COTTONWOOD (POPULUS), CRABAPPLE (MALUS), CRAPE MYRTLE  (NOT THE SAME AS MYRTLE), DATE, DOGWOOD (CORNUS), DOUGLAS FIR (PSEUDOTSUGA), DRACAENA, ELM (ULMUS), ESCALLONIA, EUCALYPTUS, FIG, FIR (ABIES), GINKGO, GRAPE VINES, GRAPE PALM, GUAVA, HACKBERRY, HAWTHORN (CRATAEGUS), HIBISCUS, HICKORY, JADE PLANT, KALANCHOE, LARCH, LARIX, LILAC (SYRINGA), MADRONA / MADRONE (ARBUTUS), MAGNOLIA, MAPLE (ACER), MANZANITA (ARCTOSTAPYLOS), MIMOSA, MOUNTAIN ASH (SORBUS), MULBERRY (MORUS), NANDINA (HEAVENLY BAMBOO), NORFOLK ISLAND PINE (ARAUCARIA), NUT TREES (NOT CHESTNUT), OREGON GRAPE (MAHONIA), PALM, PAPAYA, PEAR, PECAN, POPLAR (POPULUS), PUSSY WILLOW (SALIX), RAPHIOLEPSIS (INDIAN HAWTHORN), RIBBONWOOD, ROSE (ROSA), RUSSIAN OLIVE, SASSAFRAS, SILK TREE, SPIRAEA, SPRUCE (PICEA), STRAWBERRY TREE (ARBUTUS), SWEET GUM, SYCAMORE, THURLOW, TREE FERN, VIBURNUM, VINE MAPLE (ACER), WEEPING WILLOW (SALIX), WIEGELA, YUCCA

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